Tree Bressen

After consulting full-time on a "joyful value exchange" (aka gift economy) basis from 2004-2016, Tree is presently shifting back toward a conventional fee structure. She says, "As described below, in 2004 i felt a calling to explore operating fully in 'gift.' It has been a very fulfilling run, providing me with sufficient resources to live on through these years. To everyone who joined and participated in the experiment, thank you! I find my soul is now moving in other directions; i said all along i would continue operating on a gifting basis as long as i felt genuinely called, and i do not wish to duck that by acting from habit or inertia. Sometimes we need to let go of old ways to make space for the new, so i hope you will support my continued journey as i once again experiment, this time with charging fees for my work. Understand there is still flexibility for negotiation—in the end, the most important factor for me in accepting work requests is, 'Is it in my heart to do this job at this time or not?'"

That said, this page is maintained for historical reference, because it outlines one way of operating effectively on a gift basis which inspires others, and because the resources it points to remain useful for all those who envision an economy restructured to more fully serve life.

A Historical Example:
Tree's Rates & the Gift Economy

How Are My Rates Set?

I am currently operating on a "joyful value exchange" (by JoVE? :-)  basis, meaning i do not have any set fees for my work. I ask groups to pay me an amount that feels good and right and fair to them, that they can afford, and that they can give joyfully. The same request applies to individuals attending public workshops. Group process work provides my livelihood, and i trust the groups i work with to honor this and provide the support that makes it possible for me to continue offering my services.

Why Do I Do It This Way?

According to "Wikipedia" (which is a fine example itself) a gift economy is an economic system in which participants give away things of value to the shared benefit of the community. Examples include food banks, volunteer fire companies, and giving rides to hitchhikers.  I see Sharing Economy as a broader term that may also include, for example, time banks, crowd-funding, and even local currencies.

In the summer of 2004, i encountered three different influences which inspired me to move in this direction. First, i met a friend who had lived outside the monetary economy for over seven years, refusing not only to work for money, but also to do work exchange or barter; basically refusing any kind of commodified relationship with another humyn being. Second, a personal growth workshop offered regularly at an intentional community near my home started doing their workshops on a donation basis. Third, i went on the Superhero ride, which involves a group of people coming together through word of mouth, inventing superhero identities and costumes, then bicycling out into the world (capes flying gaily over bike trailers filled with food and camping gear) for a month to find people in need of loving service.

Collectively these experiences resulted in a commitment on my part to engage in my work on a gift economy basis for one year. That year ended Sept. 1, 2005, and having earned enough to live on, i expect to continue operating this way into the indefinite future.  In 2013, having gotten more involved in wider Sharing Economy explorations, i shifted from calling my approach "gift economy" to calling it a "joyful value exchange," in recognition that i am engaging in direct reciprocity for money rather than purely gifting with no thought of return. 

I feel called to this way of working in the world as a way of serving life. The society i live in now fosters a culture of consumption based on scarcity, while pretending the world has infinite resources. I believe that the society of the future, if there is to be one, will be the reverse: nurturing a culture of sharing based on abundance, while recognizing nature's limitations. For me, shifting to a sharing economy is a way of expressing my love for, and faith in, that future world—one small step toward birthing it into being.

"At the deepest level, there is no giver, no gift and no recipient—only the Universe rearranging itself."—Ronald Arms

For more information on Gift Economy . . .

The leading resource:  Shareable.net Website, newsletter, research reports, bookstore, and tons more than i can do justice to here. 
 
Another portal website:  Meshing.it .  Their slogan:  "A world community and economy where access trumps ownership."

Practing Law in the Sharing Economy by Janelle Orsi. This new book from ABA press offers a comprehensive overview, bringing together such creations as B corps, time banks, creative commons, crowdsourcing for capital, car-sharing, couchsurfing, and more into one coherent vision of the new economy that is reshaping how we live. The new sharing economy calls for revised rules and a host of newly skilled practitioners, and Janelle is helping people travel that road. Appropriate to (and readable by!) an audience way beyond lawyers, this book is for anyone helping create new transactions or the organizations to support them. (Includes a short section by Tree on consensus.)

Tree's current favorite book on the coming gift economy: Sacred Economics: Money, Gift & Society in the Age of Transition, by Charles Eisenstein. In a speech entitled "Confronting Empire" (delivered at the World Social Forum in 2003), Indian author Arundhati Roy closed with this: "Another world is not only possible, she is on her way. On a quiet day, I can hear her breathing." That kind of describes how i felt reading Charles Eisenstein's book. Not only does he sing the virtues of the gift economy in a way so filled with everyday examples of what is/has been/and could be that i can nearly taste it, he also contextualizes the whole examination in a story both spiritual and practical, the arc of our transformation from the age of separation to the age of reunion. Delightful, inspiring, grounded.

INSPIRING EXAMPLES

How to Start a Gift Circle, by Alpha Lo. From the blog "Trust is the Only Currency."

Two websites to support localized gifting:  Kindista (started in Oregon), and StreetBank (based in the UK). Both support enrollment from anywhere in the world.

The Salwen family moved into a house half the size, sold their old house and gave half the money to charity—wow.

Vinod Sreedhar, social entrepreneur and workshop facilitator in India, writes openly of his early steps into the gift economy.

Shanaka Fernando's Lentil As Anything restaurant in Australia has been operating for 10 years with no prices on the menu, presently serving 1,500 people/day.  Here's another video with him explaining how his history led to his later choices.  For a newer example in the United States, see Cafe 180 in Denver.

Naturopath Dr. Aumatma Shah runs Karma Clinic in Oakland, California. See this wonderful short video.

Some people are living without money through a combination of gifting, self-sufficiency, barter and more. See Mark Boyle's story in the UK and Heidemarie Schwermer's in Germany.

Austrian millionaire Karl Rabeder is giving away every penny of his 3 million fortune after realising his riches were making him unhappy. Read the story here.

For one vision of how a gift economy might emerge from a neighborhood, see How to Disappear, a beautiful online book associated with Riverbank Neighbors in Chicago.

In Estonia, the Bank of Happiness emerged as a response to economic troubles.

Called dama, gifting is an established way of life in Mali.

In 2008, the Gift Cycle project carried works of art as gifts from local artists of one town to local artists of the next town along the route—a 3,000 mile journey.

Musician Jane Siberry (aka Issa) distributes her music using "self-determined pricing." Read about it in this story from NPR.

ARTICLES ONLINE

Gifting and the Gift Economy by Tom Atlee

Gift Economy Wiki

The connection between the Occupy movement and Gift Economy, from Carolyn Elliott over at Shareable.net: The Poetics of Occupation: On Gift Logic .

Two interesting essays on the concept and contemporary practices from Dave Pollard's "How to Save the World" blog. The first post provides a good, short overview of the subject. The second, called "Can We Make the Gift Economy Work?" talks about major challenges to it and what to do about them.

The Gift Economy by Gifford Pinchot

The High-Tech Gift Economy  by Richard Barbrook

37 ways to join the Gift Economy by Beverly Feldman and Charles Gray in YES! Magazine

More Articles at Future Positive: http://futurepositive.synearth.net/stories/storyReader$223

BOOKS

Hyde, Lewis. The Gift: Imagination and the Erotic Life of Property. Random, 1983. The classic book on this subject.

Eisenstein, Charles. Sacred Economics: Money, Gift & Society in the Age of Transition. Evolver Editions, 2011. Fantastic—a deep study of money and economics that grounds the transition to a gift economy in the deeper story of the Great Turning from the age of separation to the age of reunion.

Mauss, Marcel. The Gift: The Form and Reasons for Exchange in Archaic Societies. Trans. W. D. Halls. Routledge, 1990.

Reclaiming the Gift Culture anthology published in English from India, available for free download, 121 pages.

Osteen, Mark (ed.). The Question of the Gift: Essays Across Disciplines. Routledge, 2002.

Sahlins, Marshall B. Stone Age Economics. Aldine, 1972.

 

Tree Bressen supports groups of people to function together effectively.  In the past two decades, she has worked with members of more than a hundred organizations:  nonprofits, businesses, government agencies, cooperative living associations, faith congregations, activist troupes, educational institutions, conferences, and assemblages of every sort.  Her ardent belief in purpose-centered design guides each step of the work, returning at each choice to the core—“Why are we doing this? What is needed here?”—and responding.  She nurtures the emergence of collective vitality, wholeness, and alignment of action with intention.

Tree Bressen
Eugene, Oregon
541-343-3855